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WHAT IS A DENTIGEROUS CYST?

Dentigerous cysts are the second most common type of odontogenic cyst (Odontogenic cyst are a group of jaw cysts that are formed from tissues involved in odontogenesis (tooth development) , which is a fluid-filled sac that develops in the jaw bone and soft tissue. They form over the top of an unerupted tooth, or partially erupted tooth, usually one of your molars or canines. While dentigerous cysts are benign, they can lead to complications, such as infection, if left untreated.
What are the symptoms?
Smaller dentigerous cysts might not cause any symptoms. However, if the cyst grows larger than 2 centimeters in diameter, you may notice:
swelling
tooth sensitivity
tooth displacement
If you look inside your mouth, you may also notice a small bump. If the cyst causes tooth displacement, you might also see gaps slowly forming between your teeth.
How is it treated?
Treating a dentigerous cyst depends on its size. If it’s small, your dentist might be able to surgically remove it along with the affected tooth. In other cases, they might use a technique called marsupialization.
Marsupialization involves cutting open the cyst so it can drain. Once the fluid has drained, stitches are added to the edges of the incision to keep it open, which prevents another cyst from growing there.
What are the complications?
Even if your dentigerous cyst is small and not causing any symptoms, it’s important to have it removed to avoid complications. An untreated dentigerous cyst can eventually cause:
infection
tooth loss
jaw fracture
ameloblastoma, a type of benign jaw tumor
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